Political Parties in India : Definition |Name and Symbol

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Here I  will give all information about Political parties in India. Total no. of parties with their symbol and foundational year.  How any political party in India known as National level party and difference between state level and national level party. what are criteria fixed by Election commision of India?

Political parties in india
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DEFINITION OF POLITICAL PARTY-India is a democratic country There are many political parties working in India. Which is known as the multi-party system?. They have organized at the National and State level. Every political party must be registered at Election commision of India before organize. Election commission gives a symbol to every political party as their identity. Only registered parties are upgraded on the behalf of regulation of election commission of India.

REGISTRATION PROCESS OF POLITICAL PARTIES IN INDIA.

  • Section 29A of Representation of People Act, 1951 says-Registration with the Election Commission of affiliations and bodies as political parties.
  • Any affiliation or combination of individual residents of India calling itself a political party and aiming to profit itself of the arrangements of this Part might influence an application to the Election To commission for its enrollment as a political party for the reasons for this Act.

THE TOTAL NUMBER OF POLITICAL PARTIES IN INDIA ARE 2044 (ACCORDING TO ELECTION COMMISSION OF INDIA AS APRIL 2018). BUT MAJOR PARTIES WHO ARE WORKING AND POPULAR IN STATE AND NATIONAL LEVEL. THEIR LIST WITH SYMBOL IS GIVEN BELOW.

NATIONAL LEVEL POLITICAL PARTIES IN INDIA (2018 Reported by ECI).

Political parties in india
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  1. An enrolled party is perceived as a National Party just in the event that it satisfies any of the accompanying three conditions:
  2. If any political party will win 2% of seat Lok Sabha from at least 3 different states.
  3. IN General Election of Lok Sabha or Legislative assembly. The party polls 6% votes of four states in including to 4 Lok Sabha seats.
  4. A Recognized National party must be state party in 4 states.
RECOGNISED POLITICAL PARTIES IN INDIA
Name Abbreviation Foundation Party Supremo[D] Party symbol Headquarters
year
All India Trinamool Congress TMC 1998 Mamata Banerjee Flowers & grass
 Kolkata-700039, (West Bengal)
Bahujan Samaj Party BSP 1984 Mayawati Elephant
New Delhi-11000, (Delhi)
Bharatiya Janata Party BJP 1980 Amit Shah Lotus
New Delhi -110002, (Delhi)
Communist Party of India CPI 1925 Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy Ears of corn and sickle  New Delhi-110002, (Delhi)
Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI(M) 1964 Sitaram Yechury Hammer sickle and star  New Delhi-110 001, (Delhi)
Indian National Congress INC 1885 Rahul Gandhi Hand New Delhi 110001
Nationalist Congress Party NCP 1999 Sharad Pawar Clock  New Delhi-110001, (Delhi)

STATE LEVEL POLITICAL PARTIES IN INDIA. MANY POLITICAL PARTIES ARE LIMITED IN DIFFERENT STATES .

Political parties in india
Political parties in india

The state-level political party has to follow the following condition to be registered.

  • 1. Any political party should be win by 3% minimum of the total no. of the seats or 3 seats in Legislative Assembly.
  • 2. A Political party should win no less than 1 situate in the Lok Sabha for every 25 seats or any division there of issued to that State.
  • 3. A political Party should secure no less than 6% of the aggregate votes surveyed polled the general election to a Lok Sabha or State Legislative Assembly and should, moreover, win no less than 1 Lok Sabha, and 2 Legislative Assembly seats in that election
  • 4. Under the changed criteria, one more provision has been added to give that regardless of whether a Party neglects to win any seat in a State in a general election to the Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly of the State, Political party will even now be qualified for acknowledgment as State Party on the qualify that it secures at least 8% of the total viable votes ballot in the State. As of April 13, 2018, a few political parties in India rundown given below is no more state parties.
Political parties in india
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49 recognised state level political parties in india.
Name Abbreviation Foundation Current leader(s) States Symbol
Year
Aam Aadmi Party AAP 2012 Arvind Kejriwal DelhiPunjab Broom
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam AIADMK 1972 Edappadi K. Palaniswami and O. Paneerselvam Tamil NaduPuducherry Two leaves
All India Forward Bloc AIFB 1939 Debabrata Biswas West Bengal Lion
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen AIMIM 1927 Asaduddin Owaisi TelanganaMaharashtra Kite
All India N.R. Congress AINRC 2011 N. Rangasamy Puducherry Jug
All India United Democratic Front AIUDF 2004 Badruddin Ajmal Assam Lock and key
All Indian Public Freedom Party AIPFP 2016 V.Siva Kumar Tamil Nadu Butterfly
All Jharkhand Students Union AJSU 1986 Sudesh Mahto Jharkhand Banana
Asom Gana Parishad AGP 1985 Atul Bora Assam Elephant
Biju Janata Dal BJD 1997 Naveen Patnaik Odisha Conch
Bodoland People’s Front BPF 1985 Hagrama Mohilary Assam Nangal
Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam DMDK 2005 Vijayakanth Tamil Nadu Nagara
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam DMK 1949 M. Karunanidhi Tamil NaduPuducherry Rising sun
Goa Forward Party GFP 2016 Vijai Sardesai Goa Coconut
Hill State People’s Democratic Party HSPDP 1968 H.S. Lyngdoh Meghalaya Lion
Indian National Lok Dal INLD 1999 Om Prakash Chautala Haryana Spectacles
Indian Union Muslim League IUML 1948 Panakkad Sayed Hyderali Shihab Thangal Kerala Ladder
Jammu & Kashmir National Conference JKNC 1932 Omar Abdullah Jammu & Kashmir Plough
Jammu & Kashmir National Panthers Party JKNPP 1982 Bhim Singh Jammu & Kashmir Bicycle
Jammu and Kashmir People’s Democratic Party JKPDP 1998 Mehbooba Mufti Jammu & Kashmir Inkpot and pen
Janata Dal (Secular) JD(S) 1999 H.D. Deve Gowda KarnatakaKerala Lady farmer carrying paddy on her head
Janata Dal (United) JD(U) 1999 Nitish Kumar Bihar Arrow
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha JMM 1972 Shibu Soren Jharkhand Bow and arrow
Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik) JVM(P) 2006 Babu Lal Marandi Jharkhand Comb
Karnataka Janata Paksha KJP 2012 Padmanabha Prasanna Kumar Karnataka coconut
Kerala Congress (M) KC(M) 1979 C.F. Thomas Kerala Two leaves
Lok Janshakti Party LJP 2000 Ram Vilas Paswan Bihar Bunglow
Maharashtra Navnirman Sena MNS 2006 Raj Thackeray Maharashtra Railway engine
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party MGP 1963 Deepak Dhavalikar Goa Lion
Marxist Forward Bloc MFB 1953 Pratim Chatterjee West Bengal ???
Mizo National Front MNF 1959 Pu Zoramthanga Mizoram Star
Mizoram People’s Conference MPC 1972 Pu Lalhmingthanga Mizoram Electric Bulb
Naga People’s Front NPF 2002 T.R. Zeliang ManipurNagaland Rooster
National People’s Party NPP 2013 Agatha Sangma MeghalayaManipurNagaland Book
Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party NDPP 2018 Neiphiu Rio Nagaland
Pattali Makkal Katchi PMK 1989 G. K. Mani Tamil NaduPuducherry Mango
People’s Democratic Alliance PDA 2012 Bd. Behring Anal Manipur Crown
People’s Party of Arunachal PPA 1987 Tomo Riba Arunachal Pradesh Corn
Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD 1997 Lalu Prasad Yadav BiharJharkhand Hurricane Lamp
Rashtriya Lok Dal RLD 1996 Ajit Singh Uttar Pradesh Hand pump
Rashtriya Lok Samta Party RLSP 2013 Upendra Kushwaha Bihar Ceiling fan
Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP 1940 T. J. Chandrachoodan KeralaWest Bengal Spade and stoker
Samajwadi Party SP 1992 Akhilesh Yadav Uttar Pradesh Bicycle
Shiromani Akali Dal SAD 1920 Sukhbir Singh Badal Punjab Scale
Shiv Sena SS 1966 Uddhav Thackeray Maharashtra Bow and arrow
Sikkim Democratic Front SDF 1993 Pawan Kumar Chamling Sikkim Umbrella
Sikkim Krantikari Morcha SKM 2013 Prem Singh Tamang Sikkim Table lamp
Telangana Rashtra Samithi TRS 2001 Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao TelanganaAndhra Pradesh Car
Telugu Desam Party TDP 1982 N. Chandra Babu Naidu Andhra PradeshTelangana Bicycle
United Democratic Party UDP 1972 Donkupar Roy Meghalaya Drum
YSR Congress YSRC 2011 Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy Andhra PradeshTelangana Ceiling fan
Here I told you everything related to the political parties in India with their supremo and symbol. How any party recognized at national and state level and what rules and regulation have to follow them. So Now your turn to comment for giving me suggestion to improve in my next article and don’t forget to share in your friend circle to distribute the knowledge so they could be updated .for more knowledgeful article stay tuned with Timesera.com
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1 Comment


  1. You could certainly see your skills in the work you write. The world hopes for more passionate writers like you who are not afraid to say how they believe. Always follow your heart.

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